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2018/1(12)


CONTENTS


Basic researches

Kovalenko T. 

Culture as a factor of national security: conceptual and strategic aspects 

Heritage preservation problems

Shimanova M.

Tiled stoves of the XVII–XIX centuries in the Novodevichy convent in Moscow: problems of preservation

Makarova A

Field conservation of archeological objects made of stone: to the question of methodology 

Use of the heritage

Otto V.

Development of cultural and educational tourism in Russia: problems and solutions 

Nelzina O.

Geographical features of placement and efficiency of theme parks (examples of USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, UAE and Australia) 

Preservation and development of the cultural heritage of the Arctic: the architectural aspect 

Denisov N., Кhramov V. 

To the question of the creative function of a traditional library 

Russian natural heritage

Ibragimova O. 

Nenets reindeer herding husky 

Documentation

Declaration of the preservation of the underwater cultural heritage of Russia, 16 Nov. 2017 (only in Russian) 


Archives

Preservation and development of the cultural heritage of the Arctic: the architectural aspect

Abstract. The publication presents abstracts of the projects of young architects – students of the Moscow Architectural Institute (State academy) – MARHI, united by a common theme: preservation and development of the spiritual and cultural heritage of the remote vast Arctic region. The authors offer some architectural solutions to protect the existing objects against the destruction and the unique nature of the North against the devastating consequences of human activity. They are also convinced that the Arctic, thanks to its nature, history and culture, has a significant tourist potential. The theses are illustrated by author's graphic works.

Key words: Arctic, North, spiritual heritage, cultural heritage, tourism, heritage preservation, tourist infrastructure


Spiritual and material heritage - the ways of conservation
Galeev S., Lupentsova I.

Abstract. Considering the ways of conservation of historical and cultural monuments, as well as possible options for preserving the objects of spiritual heritage by displaying them in material objects.

Key words: Arctic, North, spiritual heritage, material heritage, sign, conservation.

In the Arctic region, there are a number of preserved objects that represent a great cultural, historical, and therefore, tourist interest. All of them need immediate protection against the inevitable and rapid destruction. One of the options for such protection is an artificial shell, made of light metal or plastic structures with a waterproof and windproof coating. Its outer covering of stones, pebbles and mosses will almost completely preserve the surrounding natural landscape, which in itself is a value worth preserving; a bypass gallery around the facility guarantees its safety from accidental mechanical impact. The presence within the necessary on-site services (power generators, RS warehouse and a lavatory) will increase the safety of the tourist route and will contribute to the development of Arctic tourism.

The section on the preservation of the spiritual heritage, is perhaps the most difficult, especially for the architect. After all, the task here is to find ways to materialize non- material phenomena. For an architect whose tool is space, there remains a specific place, a point connected with real spiritual experience. So, what can an architect do? He can dare to take the place of the one who has acquired this spiritual experience, and try to re-experience it, and then display it in spatial, material forms. From the practical point of view, from the point of view of making practical decisions, it seems to me the most correct and promising is the mapping (fixation) of such places by means of erection, installation of a «sign». The «sign» as such by definition does not have its own content - it only points to it. He refers, recalls, implies that very original spiritual experience found in this place. Such a decision is not something new and innovative - no, it revives the tradition of setting such «signs» on important, significant places known even in the Paleolithic era, dolmens and menhirs (also a legacy). Such an «object-sign» is not necessarily a single (lonely) structure, it can also represent a series of them. and even, a whole field. The size and shape of such a «sign-object» can, or rather should be determined by the unique characteristics of the environment and the scale of the event, the phenomenon that established the status of the heritage behind it. Today, material for such a «sign» can serve not only traditional stone or wooden structures, but also, for example, light or audio, video holographic installations.

Arctic objects of tourism network in the western sector of the Arctic
Galeev S., Sudakova A.

Abstract. This thesis raises the issue of the social dimension, namely the tourism development in the northern territories. The basic methods of solving the problem on the organization of routes and the creation of necessary infrastructure facilities on the island Vaigach.

Key words: Arctic, Vaigach island, the social aspect, a network of tourism facilities and tourism

A full and effective development of the Arctic region is realized not only through the development of new resources and the creation of new ones, but also through the preservation of existing objects of the natural, cultural and spiritual heritage. These objects can serve as the basis for the development of Arctic tourism. This project proposal is aimed to solve the problems of forming the tourism infrastructure. Its essence is to create a unified network of tourist routes (in this case local - in the area of Vaigach Island) and objects of its maintenance (functioning) - an analogue of tourist bases. It is proposed to create a mobile complex based on a ship of ice class equipped with a boat and a helicopter for disembarkation of a group of tourists directly to the beginning of their route. In addition to the usual functions for the campsite, various socially significant and transport functions will also be represented there. One such complex will be able to ensure the functioning of a variety of cognitive, sporting and ecological routes on a fairly large territory of the coast and a number of arctic islands. It is envisioned that such a complex will operate not only during the summer term of the tourist season, but also throughout the year due to its mobility and diversity of functions.

Christian temple on arctic islands
Galeev S., Kartashov M.

Abstract. The article is devoted to the question of the creation of church architecture in the conditions of the Arctic territories. Proposing the architectural concept of the Christian church.

Key words: Arctic, north, Russia, religion, heritage.

From the very beginning of the development of the Arctic with its extreme conditions and high risks in all respects, it was clear that without support from above it was not possible. Therefore, almost every arctic settlement erected temples or their sign elements. In the Neolithic times, they were dolmens, figures of idols (gods). Then, in the Middle Ages, Christian churches and vassal crosses were built. Of course, technological progress has greatly facilitated the lives of people in the Arctic, but almost did not reduce the risks, the main of which is to remain alone with the elements without Divine support. These reasons also served as the basis for this architectural proposal of the Christian church. According to its designs and materials, it is, of course, modern, but at the same time, in its architectural image, it is similar to the numerous wooden churches of Northern Russian architecture.

Safety of development and operation. hideouts along the arctic routes
Galeev S., Belikh A.

Abstract. Article concentratrates on relevance of development multipurpose living module that provides human safeness in circumstances of harsh climate of Arctic region islands such as: Novaya Zemlya,Svalbard, Franz Josef Land etc.

Key words: Arctic, safeness, climate, infrastructure

The development and exploration of the Arctic region, as a rule, is associated with the high mobility of all types of activities: geological exploration, scientific, tourism, fishing and monitoring. Such mobility, taking place in the extreme conditions of the external environment, makes the task of ensuring the safety of people one of the most important. The proposed solution to this problem is to organize a network of stationary modular shelters along the main existing and prospective routes of movement - roads, oil pipelines and other linear objects. A single module of this network is an insulated, light container with power supply elements, emergency supply of water, clothing, food and medicine. In the event of a sudden change in weather conditions, injury or other force majeure circumstances this module will be able to provide the necessary temporary shelter for a group of people in need. In the hibernation mode this module can exist for years. This decision for the Arctic is not new, but is the continuation and advancement of the centuries-old experience of the development of the North: both the discoverers, the Pomors, modern fishers and natives.

International cooperation Center on the Franz Joseph Land
Galeev S., Kartashov M.

Abstract. The article is devoted to the issue of cooperation between Russia and Europe. As the prospects of this development are invited to promote various types of collaboration by creating a multi-functional center.

Key words: Arctic, north, Russia, Germany, collaboration

Climate warming - warming relations. International cooperation is the main way of coexistence of countries with different interests and capabilities, which is always reflected in architecture. Why in the Arctic? In recent years this dynamically developing region, both economically and climatically, has become the center of geopolitical, economic, and social claims, and as a rule, multi-directional interests. Why on Franz Josef Land? This historically youngest archipelago of the Arctic from the very beginning originated as a result of the often heroic efforts of the discoverers from many European countries. Why on the island of Alexandra? This is the most Western of the islands of the archipelago, and accordingly, is closest to all European states most interested in developing and developing the region, by the way, now almost completely freed from the ice sheet. Climate warming is a warming of relations for the main participants in the discovery, development and use of the Arctic. The project proposal of the center is a developing - growing with time - spatial structure, with stationary ones, like a tree trunk and mobile leaf-like elements. The development in scientific, cultural and tourist spheres is insured.

Galeev Sergey Abrekovich,
Moscow Architectural Institute (Moscow).

Lupentsova Irina Vladimirovna,
Moscow Architectural Institute (Moscow),
e-mail: barladera@gmail.com

Belikh Alexey Dmitrievich,
Moscow Architectural Institute (Moscow),
e-mail: cervinon@gmail.com

Kartashov Maksim Sergeevich,
Moscow Architectural Institute (Moscow),
e-mail: kartashov.maksim.96@mail.ru

Sudacova Anna Evgenevna,
Moscow Architectural Institute (Moscow),
e-mail: insae128@gmail.com

Published: The Heritage Institute Journal, 2018/1(12)

URL: http://nasledie-journal.ru/en/journals/189.html


Founder

Russian Scientific Research
Institute for Cultural
and Natural Heritage
named after D.Likhachev


Publisher

Russian Scientific Research
Institute for Cultural
and Natural Heritage
named after D.Likhachev


Certificate

of the Mass information media
registration:
ЭЛ № ФС 77–60211,
date: 17.12.2014


Frequency

4 issues per year

Published online only


PARTNERS


Journal of Cultural Research



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